The failure of the highpoint of 1968 to bring forth completed revolution, but at the same time the continuing passion for a new society by masses worldwide, meant a decision by Raya Dunayevskaya to complete the working out of a philosophic expression of revolution in what was to become Philosophy and Revolution: From Hegel to Sartre and from Marx to Mao. At the same time, the objective compulsion of a need for philosophy was made crucial by the intensity of the youth revolts against Nixon’s extension of the Vietnam War through the unprovoked bombing of Cambodia, as witness the massacres at Kent and Jackson State Universities and at Augusta, Ga. (See News & Letters, June-July 1970.)

  • Section I Draft Chapters of Philosophy and Revolution

    Because Raya Dunayevskaya feels that the process of writing is as important to understand as the actual result, the following draft chapters are included in this collection.

  • Section II Conferences and Bulletins on Actual Revolts and on Draft Chapters of Philosophy and Revolution

  • Section III The Crucial Early 1970s

  • (5) Nixon, the Stunt Man and Mao. the Artificer, Aim for Global Change in State-Capitalism as “New” System to Throttle Social Revolution,

    Perspectives Report by Raya Dunayevskaya to the National Editorial Board Plenum, Sept. 4, 1971

  • (6) Ways to Combat “Pax Americana”: Nixon’s Scorched Earth Policy, Plunge into State-Capitalism: The New World Counter-Revolutionary Order, and Raging Racism,

    Draft Perspectives Thesis, July 1972.

  • Section IV The 200th Anniversary of Hegel’s Birth and 100th Anniversary of Lenin’s Birth

    While working on the draft chapters of Philosophy and Revolution, Raya Dunayevskaya presented to conferences and journals her work in progress on the relation of Lenin and Hegel.

  • (1) Lenin’s Philosophic Ambivalence,

    by Raya Dunayevskaya, in Telos, Spring 1970. Reprinted in Italian in Aut Aut, 1974. Microfilm includes translation into Serbo-Croation, published in Yugoslavian journal, Praxis 1970.

  • (2) Hegelian Leninism,

    a paper delivered by Raya Dunayevskaya to Telos Conference in Waterloo, Ontario, Oct. 10, 1970. Published in Towards a New Marxism, Grahl and Piccone, eds., Telos Press, St. Louis, Mo. 1973.

  • Section V Ongoing Revolts, Youth Especially

  • (1) American Youth Revolt, 1960-69,

    Youth Report by Eugene Walker to News and Letters Committees Plenum, Sept. 1969. A survey or the decade beginning with the Black youth sit-ins, Freedom Rides and Mississippi Freedom Summer Project, through the Free Speech Movement of the mid- 1960s, to Students for a Democratic Society (SDS) and anti-war activism.

  • (3) China: Voices of Revolt,

    excerpts from “Whither China?,” document of Sheag Wu-lien (Hunan Provincial Proletarian Revolutionary Great Alliance Committee), printed by News and Letters, Jan. 1970. Document of a revolutionary opposition movement that emerged in China during the Cultural Revolution. For an analysis, see “The Thought of Mao Tse-tung,” in Philosophy and Revolution.

  • (4) 8 to 3: High School Prison Notes,

    Nov. 1970; a News & Letters Youth pamphlet published together with the Radical Student Union, Los Angeles. A collection of articles written by high school students about their experiences, including articles on walkouts, what is education. By white, Black, and Latino students.

  • (5) “Culture,” Science and State-Capitalism,

    by Raya Dunayevskaya, May 1, 1971; a News & Letters pamphlet. Written on the 30th anniversary of the elaboration of the theory of state-capitalism. First printed in News & Letters in May 1971 and June-July 1971.

  • (6) Shipyard Workers Revolt Against Communist Party Leaders,

    (Smuggled out of Poland), 1971; a News & Letters pamphlet. A partial transcript of the meeting between striking shipyard workers occupying the Adolf Warski shipyard in Szczecin and leaders of the Polish Communist Party led by Edward Gierek.

  • Section VI For the Record

  • (1) For the Record: The Johnson-Forest Tendency, or Theory of State-Capitalism, 1941-1951; its Vicissitudes and Ramifications,

    by Raya Dunayevskaya, 1972. A polemic against the magazine Radical America which had attempted to rewrite the history of the Johnson-Forest Tendency, presenting it all as “the James group” and deleting Forest’s game from documents. Also included are two other contribution by Dunayevskaya: “A Critique of Johnson’s Facing Reality” (letters from 1958, sent to a comrade then in France), and “A Critique of C.L.R. James’ Notes on the Dialectic,” (excerpts from a letter in response to a professor’s inquiry.)

  • (2) Russia as State-Capitalist Society, The Original Historical Analysis,

    by Raya Dunayevskaya, 1973; a News & Letters pamphlet. A reissuance of the original 1941-42 articles on the nature of the Russian. economy. (See Vol. I, Secs. II and IV.)

  • (3) Two Articles by Raya Dunayevskaya:

    “Footnote on the Detractors of Lenin,” and “The Theory of Alienation: Marx’s Debt to Hegel,” issued by the Scottish Marxist-Humanist, 1970. Foreword by Harry McShane.

  • Section VII The Emergence of the Women’s Liberation Movement

  • (2) Women’s Liberation section in News & Letters.

    Beginning in 1969, a section of News & Letters was devoted to the presentation of articles written by women’s liberationists. Included on the microfilm is the inaugural page, Nov. 1969.

  • (3) Notes on Women’s Liberation: We Speak in Many Voices,

    Oct. 1970; a News & Letters pamphlet. First issued in mimeographed form, Jan. 1970. A collection of articles on the newly emerging Women’s Liberation Movement in the United States, written by Black, Latina and white women; working women, welfare rights activists, women’s liberation activists. Includes an essay by Raya Dunayevskaya, “The Women’s Liberation Movement as Reason and as Revolutionary Force.” Microfilm includes Dunayevskaya’s 1969 speech to a Chicago Women’s Liberation group.

  • (4) Rosa Luxemburg: Revolutionary Theoretician,

    by Lee Tracy, 1973; a News & Letters—Women’s Liberation Committees pamphlet. A brief introduction to Rosa Luxemburg, based in part on the biography by J.P. Nettl.